Cannabidiol is one of 60 members of the cannabis family. It is a natural component derived from hemp and contains less than 0.3% Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Due to the low levels of THC, no psychoactive responses are provoked upon consumption. This allows CBD oil to be used during normal everyday activity without cognitive repercussions. CBD has been successful in reducing pain, stress, anxiety, and is natural and safe for animal consumption.
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a biological system that assists in regulating bodily functions (stress, hunger, pain, etc) in order to help maintain homeostasis. Basically, it helps keep your body happy and running smoothly. In order to do this, your body produces molecules called endocannabinoids. A receptor (CB1 and CB2) binds to the endocannabinoid molecules, which then triggers the ECS and tells it to turn on. Once the function has been performed, an enzyme turns off the ECS. Although the role CBD plays in this process is unclear, it is suggested that it inhibits the enzymes that removes the CB1 and CB2 receptors, thus allowing the ECS to prolong its intended function.
The type of receptors plays a role in where the targeted function takes place. The CB1 receptor is mostly found in the central nervous system, which includes your brain and spinal cord, and the CB2 receptor is found in the peripheral nervous system, which includes the nerves found everywhere else. So whether there is a pain in your knee or general feelings of stress and anxiety, CB1 and CB2 receptors allow the ECS to work in all areas throughout the body.
When CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant, other compounds and cannabinoids naturally occurring in the plant are also extracted. Full-spectrum CBD contains all of these compounds and trace amounts of THC, which is synonymous with the “entourage effect,” increasing the effectiveness of the product due to the different cannabinoids working together. The additional compounds that are extracted in both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD allow long-lasting effects and all the benefits of the cannabis plant.
The serving size of CBD is determined by many factors including but not limited to, body weight, the concentration of CBD oil, and the condition you’re treating. It is recommended to start with lower doses, and increase until the desired effects are achieved; however, a good place to start is 1 – 6 mg of CBD for every 10 lbs of body weight. For example, if you weigh 130 pounds, your starting dosage would be 13 – 18 mg of CBD. To determine the mg of CBD per 1 mL dropper, divide the total amount of CBD in the bottle by the total milliliters in the bottle. Using our Full Spectrum +1200 mg as an example, here is how you would calculate the dropper dosage: 1200 mg / 30 mL = 40 mg per dropper. Always be sure to discuss treatments with your physician prior to use.